Branches of biology

The most important Branches of biology for converting the energy trapped in chemical substances into energy useful to sustain life are metabolism [44] and cellular respiration. In the early 19th century, a number of biologists pointed to the central importance of the cell.

Primatology pronunciation — The scientific study of primates.

What Are The Main Branches Of Biology And Their Definition

Consequently, evolution is central to all fields of biology. Zoology is divided into Applied Zoology, the study of production and non production animals, Systematic Zoology, dealing with evolution and taxonomy or science of naming living things and Organismal Zoology, the study of animals in our biosphere.

A focus on new kinds of model organisms such as viruses and bacteriaalong with the discovery of the double helical structure of DNA inmarked the transition to the era of molecular genetics.

Branches of Biology: What are the Branches of Biology

Dysteleology — It is the study of appearance of vestigial organs due to evolution. In this process, molecules of chemical substances that constitute food play two roles; first, they contain energy that can be transformed and reused in that organism's biological, chemical reactions ; second, food can be transformed into new molecular structures biomolecules that are of use to that organism.

These include the comparisons of DNA sequencesa product of molecular biology more particularly genomicsand comparisons of fossils or other records of ancient organisms, a product of paleontology. This term is derived from the Greek word "genetikos" meaning "origin".

Mastology — Study of breast including teats is called mastology. Mammalogy pronunciation — The scientific study of mammals. Dermatology — Study of skin. Molecular biology Also, molecular biology is the discipline which studies the biological processes on a molecular level.

Branches of Biology and Their Meaning

Malariology — Study of malaria. Undoubtedly, it is a fairly wide field which started being studied following the invention of the optical microscope. Epigenetics This branch studies how heritage and a living being's phenotypes can alter nucleotide sequences in their genetics.

Biochemistry pronunciation — The study of life at the chemical level, in particular the chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids. Ornithology pronunciation — The scientific study of birds. BiologyWise Staff Last Updated: This discipline is responsible for understanding among other matters the properties, structures and functions of these as well as their interaction with the environment.

Entomology pronunciation — The scientific study of insects. Cryobiology This deals with the effects of extremely low temperature in living cells and organisms as a whole. The study of Teeth Phrenology: Ichthyology — Study of fishes or study of fishes and amphibians.

Systematic A phylogenetic tree of all living things, based on rRNA gene data, showing the separation of the three domains bacteriaarchaeaand eukaryotes as described initially by Carl Woese.

Branches of Biology

Darwin theorized that species flourish or die when subjected to the processes of natural selection or selective breeding. The study of inheritance of traits from the parent had begun in the mid-nineteenth century and was pioneered by a renowned biologist Gregor Mendel.

Different Branches of Biology

In prokaryotes, the DNA is held within an irregularly shaped body in the cytoplasm called the nucleoid. Embryology — It deals with the study of the stages of an organism that occur immediately after fertilization.

Modern alternative classification systems generally begin with the three-domain system: If it deals with the internal structure of various organs, it is known as internal morphology.

Feb 22, The term biology is taken from the Greek word "bios" meaning life and "logos" meaning study. A living organism could be a one-celled bacteria or a several-celled organism such as an animal or a plant. This discipline engulfs a series of specialisations that are centred in more specific areas.

Marine Biology Marine biology studies the ecosystem of the oceans, marine animals and plants.

Branches of Biology and Their Meaning

Botany also probes into the structure, growth, diseases, chemical and physical properties, metabolism and evolution of the plant species. There is a specific branch of biology, called evolution biology that focuses on the evolution of species.

Chemistry-based branches of biology: The study of the nervous system Cardiology: Astrobiology pronunciation — The branch of biology concerned with the effects of outer space on living organisms and with the search for extraterrestrial life.

Myology Sarcology — Study of muscles. Bioengineering pronunciation — A hybrid field of scientific research that uses the principles of biology and the techniques of engineering to produce useful products. Molecular biology is a study of the interactions of the various systems within a cell, including the interrelationships of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis and how those interactions are regulated.

Pages in category "Branches of biology" The following 38 pages are in this category, out of 38 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Branches of biology relevant to the study of evolution: Biogeography (pronunciation) — The study of the geographic distributions of living organisms.

Developmental biology — The study of the processes by which an organism changes from a single cell into a mature, multicellular individual. Branches of Biology Biology, the scientific study of life, includes several relevant branches.

Below is a list of major branches of biology with a brief description for each. Agriculture - science and practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth. Branches of biology relevant to the study of evolution: Biogeography (pronunciation) — The study of the geographic distributions of living organisms.

Developmental biology — The study of the processes by which an organism changes from a single cell into a mature, multicellular individual. Additional branches of biology are listed and defined on this page. Branches of Biology Online Biology Dictionary.

Page 1 >> Page 2. The following is a list of the branches of biology, with definitions, pronunciations, and links to related topics. The study of plant life or phytology is known as botany.

One of the most prominent among the different branches of biology, botany is a vast subject and studies the .

Branches of biology
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Branches of Biology (p. 2) - Online Biology Dictionary